Dogs not under Effective Control


Under the Companion Animals Act 1998 it is an offence if your dog is not under effective control.

A dog is under effective control if it is: 
a) Confined within your house or another person's house with their permission; or
b) Confined within your fenced yard or the fenced yard of another person with their permission; or
c) Tethered by an adequate cord, leash or chain to a fixed structure or object; or
d) Secured in a cage or by an adequate cord, leash or chain in a vehicle; or
e) An adequate cord, leash or chain held by and under the control of the owner (who must be at least 18 years old) or another person who is at least 16 years old.

If your dog is not tethered and is in a yard and the yard is not adequately fenced this is seen as not under effective control. Owners of dogs are required to take all reasonable steps to prevent their dog from escaping from the property where it is being kept.

If you are walking your dog and it is not held by an adequate cord, leash or chain this is seen as not under effective control.

Each time a dog is in the street or in a public place, not under effective control the owner or person in charge of the dogs is committing an offence and the offence carries a penalty and may result in a fine being issued.

If a dog is found wandering and not under effective control, the animal may be seized and impounded and if not registered will not be released unless it has been microchipped and lifetime registered, and the impounding fee paid.